Agreement Credit Default Swap

Agreement Credit Default Swap (ACDS) is a form of credit default swap that provides more flexibility and customization for investors. In this article, we will delve into the concept of ACDS, how it differs from regular credit default swaps, and its advantages and disadvantages.

What is an Agreement Credit Default Swap (ACDS)?

ACDS is a type of credit default swap (CDS) that allows investors to have more control over the underlying credit risk. In a regular CDS, a buyer of protection agrees to pay a seller of protection a premium in exchange for protection against the default of a particular reference entity such as a corporation, sovereign entity or even a group of entities.

However, in an ACDS, the reference entity is divided into two or more reference obligations, with each obligation being traded separately. This means that investors can customize the credit risk they are taking on, allowing them to have more flexibility and control over their portfolio.

How does ACDS differ from regular CDS?

The key difference between ACDS and regular CDS is the ability to trade individual credit obligations. In a regular CDS, the entire reference entity must default for the protection to be triggered. However, in an ACDS, the protection can be triggered by the default of any individual reference obligation. This means that investors can choose to trade only the most risky parts of a reference entity`s credit risk, resulting in a more efficient use of capital.

Advantages of ACDS

One of the main advantages of ACDS is the ability to customize the credit risk exposure. Investors can choose which reference obligations to trade, allowing them to create a portfolio that aligns with their investment strategy. This can lead to more efficient use of capital, as investors can avoid paying premiums for credit protection they do not need.

Additionally, ACDS can provide greater liquidity than regular CDS, as buyers and sellers can trade individual obligations instead of the entire reference entity. This means that investors can more easily adjust their exposure to credit risk, leading to better risk management.

Disadvantages of ACDS

One potential disadvantage of ACDS is the complexity of the product. ACDS can be more difficult to understand and value than regular CDS, as investors need to consider the credit risk of multiple reference obligations. This can lead to higher transaction costs and less liquidity for certain reference obligations.

Additionally, the customization of ACDS can lead to a lack of standardization, which can make it more difficult to compare pricing across different market participants.


Agreement Credit Default Swaps (ACDS) provide investors with more flexibility and customization than regular credit default swaps. By allowing investors to trade individual credit obligations, ACDS can result in greater efficiency and better risk management. However, the complexity of ACDS can lead to higher transaction costs and less liquidity for certain reference obligations. As with any financial product, investors should carefully assess the benefits and risks of ACDS before investing.